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Scientific cooperation with Russia begins to be elucidated

The country’s Mars probe project with the European Space Agency is pending. The Russian institution has been shut down from CERN, the world’s largest particle physics institute in Switzerland. A The prestigious math conference has been moved from St. Petersburg to a virtual conference, and Russian scientific journals have been frozen from major international databases.
Well-known scientific journals such as Science and Nature have not rejected research submitted by Russian scientists, but economic sanctions imposed on Russia can make it difficult to pay for journal processing fees. .. Ukrainian researchers want a complete boycott of Russian institutions and scholars.

However, while some scholars welcome the flood of Western support for Ukrainian scientists, they believe that avoiding all Russian scientists can be counterproductive.

“Cut off all interactions with Russian scientists has the benefits of the West and the world, including the rapid progress of global science and technology-related challenges and the maintenance of cross-border non-idealistic communication. It will be a serious setback to values. We oppose ideological stereotyping and indiscriminate persecution. “ Scientists from the United States, Canada and the United Kingdom.

John Holdren, a professor of environmental science and policy research at the Harvard Kennedy School and a scientific adviser to former U.S. President Barack Obama, is one of the authors and of the steps taken to punish the Russian President. He said he wanted to make sure it was balanced. Vladimir Putin and his administration.

“I attach great importance to cooperation in science and technology. My colleague and I, who wrote the letter together, said that what was going on was the massive demonization and isolation of Russian scientists. I was surprised at the report, “Holdren said.

“Deep regret”

Germany has one of the quickest and strongest stances. On February 25, the German Federation of Scientific Organizations recommended that all academic cooperation with Russian state institutions and companies be immediately frozen so that the German research fund would not benefit Russia.
The German-made space telescope, which maps the largest black hole in space, has been switched off. The black hole hunting telescope called eROSITA stands for Extended ROentgen Survey using an imaging telescope array and was launched by Baikonur Cosmos Moss in 2019. Kazakhstan onboard the Spectrum-Roentgen-Gamma satellite, a joint scientific mission between Russia and Germany supported by the Russian space agency Roscosmos.
Crew of all-Russian astronauts launched to the International Space Station
DFG or the German Research Foundation, which has funded more than 300 German and Russian research projects totaling more than 110 million euros over the past three years, has suspended all research projects with Russia.

Clarivate, a science publisher, said in early March that it had suspended all commercial activities in Russia and closed its offices. Its influential Web of Science publication database does not include new journals based in Russia or Belarus that support Russia. The database tracks citations (an important criterion of scientific success) that help scientists get attention.

In the United States, MIT has terminated its relationship with the Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology (Skoltech). In Moscow, he emphasized that he is proud of the research that the joint research has produced over the last decade.

“This measure is a refusal of the Russian government’s actions in Ukraine. With great respect for the Russian people and deep gratitude for the contributions of many extraordinary Russian colleagues with whom we have cooperated. Expresses deep regret. “

Russian astronauts evoke speculation after arriving at the International Space Station in Ukrainian colors

Nature, a leading publisher of British scientific journals, says that it wants to boycott all Russian research comprehensively and globally, and that scientific journals refuse to review articles by Russian researchers. I understand. ” Consider manuscripts from all over the world.

“It is because at this time we believe that such a boycott is more harmful than good. It divides the world’s research community and limits the exchange of academic knowledge, both for health and well-being. May cause damage. Of humankind and the planet. “

NASA says it is working closely with the Russian space agency on the International Space Station, despite growing political tensions. On Wednesday, NASA astronaut Mark Vande Hei will return to Earth with Russian astronauts Anton Shkaplerov and Pyotr Dubrov.

Possible long-term impact

Science has long been a cross-border effort, and many Russian scientists have close ties with American and European scientists.

Russian professor Mikhail Gelfand, who studies comparative genomics and molecular evolution, is one of them, saying that his day-to-day work has not been affected so far, but he has some of his experiments. But International sanctions made it difficult to obtain some laboratory supplies, which led to a deadlock.

He also said he spends more time writing testimonials for colleagues and students leaving Russia.

Former astronaut retreats Twitter war with Russian space agency chief

A complete boycott of Russian scientists and institutions would be unfair, he said. People who oppose the war. “

Gerfund helped put together a letter against the war he said was signed by more than 8,000 Russian scientists, since then it has been blocked online by Russian authorities, he said. Told.

In a letter to science, Holdren and his colleagues said that intergovernmental cooperation was “naturally pending”, but “all involvement with Russian scientists should not be. I emphasized. Scientific efforts were particularly important, Holdren said.

They also said that thousands of Russian scholars and students “lived and worked in the West,” according to the letter, many of whom were critical of the Russian government.

“Sure, these Russians should not be grouped together with the leaders of the Russian state, rather because they face isolation from their western colleagues when their visas and passports expire. Humanitarian preparations should be made to ensure that they are not deported to Russia, perhaps persecution. “

“The decisions made in Western countries today on how to deal with Russia and the Russians have been made for a long time and may eventually be difficult to revoke. All about the future of Russian scientists and Russian academic institutions. I sincerely hope that the decision will reflect a balanced evaluation. “

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