According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, infants and children under the age of 5 have a much higher proportion during the recent surge in the United States, where highly contagious Omicron variants were predominant compared to the early stages of the pandemic. I was hospitalized for coronavirus.
Hospitalization of these children was approximately five-fold higher during the Omicron surge from December 19th to February 19th than during the period when the delta mutation was predominant from June 27th to December 18th.
Admission to the intensive care unit also rose dramatically among young children, peaking on January 8th of this year.
Children under the age of 5 were admitted to the hospital at a disproportionate rate. Only one-third of the children were white, 28% were Hispanic, and 23% were black. Hispanics make up only 18 percent of the population, and black Americans have increased by 13 percent.
(6% of these hospitalizations were among children of Asian or other Pacific Islanders and were about the same as their representatives in the population.)
According to experts, colored children are more likely to have parents who work in public jobs and are more likely to live in poverty or multi-generational households, resulting in a higher infection rate.
Although infant admissions are still relatively low, the virus poses a special risk to the youngest children, especially babies, when compared to the admission rates of older Americans.
Infants under 6 months of age were the most vulnerable, accounting for almost half of infant hospitalizations during the Omicron period. They were hospitalized about 6 times more often at the peak of the Omicron surge than at the peak of the Delta. The CDC has found that two babies have died.
Julia Lifeman, an assistant professor of health law, policy and administration at Boston University, said: Faculty of Public Health who was not involved in the study.
Since the beginning of the pandemic, more than 1,000 children under the age of 18 have died in Covid, 350 of whom are under the age of five.
According to a CDC study, most of the hospitalized children and babies (about two-thirds) were healthy and had no underlying medical condition as in the case of the entire pandemic.
Currently, the Covid vaccine is not licensed for children under the age of 5 in the United States, and there are delays and setbacks in the regulatory process. Public health professionals strongly recommend that anyone who has regular contact with the infant be vaccinated.
“Everyone over the age of five, including pregnant women, families and caregivers, needs to keep the Covid-19 vaccine up-to-date to protect children who are too young to be vaccinated.” The lead author of the study, Dr. Christine J. Marks, CDC’s Disease Information Services Officer, said in an email.
Published March 15, the study investigated the hospitalization of children in counties in 14 states, where catchments make up about 10% of the US population.