According to scientists, public health measures are the key to controlling Covid in the UK | Coronavirus

Stopping the Covid-19 epidemic through public health measures remains essential to curbing the pandemic, warned by one of the UK’s most senior scientists.

On the eve of the blockade’s second anniversary of the UK’s Covid response, Wellcome Trust’s director, Jeremy Farrer, sought investment in next-generation vaccines and better access to vaccines in poor countries.

Farrar has joined some of Britain’s most prominent scientists to celebrate the extraordinary response of clinicians, researchers and business leaders to the pandemic. However, as Covid infections and hospitalizations are increasing throughout the UK, measures such as masks, social distance and ventilation are important.

“”Researchers have made remarkable progress over the past two years, from delivering vaccines and treatments in record time to the hard work of genomic sequencers to track the spread of the virus and identify new mutants. ” Said Farrer. While reaching low- and middle-income countries, we will also invest in research on second- and third-generation vaccines that provide broader protection and prevent infection.

“Currently, there is a need to focus on maintaining major public health interventions alongside vaccines, developing and ensuring equitable access to new therapies, and strengthening the PPE and oxygen supply chain. Stopping is a variant that helps break the constant and unsustainable cycle of reacting to new things. “

Signboard for the NHS Mobile Booster Jab Unit in High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire in February. Photo: Maureen McLean / REX / Shutterstock

Another of the country’s most prominent scientists has given Covid a permanent role in testing hospital and long-term care staff in the event of a pandemic, leaving UK universities and private laboratories to play a permanent role. He said one of the main mistakes of early response needs to be avoided.

Paul Nurse, a Nobel laureate and director of the Francis Crick Institute, was unable to leverage the equipment and lab expertise of workers who are willing to provide “public services” and is more than necessary to set up test capabilities. He said it took a long time and he couldn’t stay healthy. Fatally exposed care settings.

“I had no imaginative idea of ​​how to run the test quickly,” he said. For use in the first round of the epidemic.

“We can’t keep running such a large commercial lab for the next 10 or 15 years, waiting for the next toxic virus outbreak. We don’t have a sustainable system in place. In fact, we Why not take advantage of what you’ve done? In an emergency, a public service, not just a commercial program, to identify different institutions across the country, such as universities and publicly funded research sites like Crick. Can you activate your network very quickly depending on? “

John Edmonds, a member of the Emergency Science Advisory Group (Sage), also said that vaccine research needs to begin now for the candidates most likely to cause the next pandemic. As a blockade again. “

He added: “One way to reduce the likelihood of having to take very strict measures for everyone is to improve national and international surveillance, and to invest in vaccine platforms and vary in fashion. Vaccines against current rare diseases need to be developed. They have the potential to be quickly adapted as needed. “

London's rush hour, one of the blockades
Rush hour in London during the blockade. Photo: Victoria Jones / PA

According to the NHS Confederation, last week the average of seven days of hospitalization in the UK related to Covid exceeded 1,700, with more than half being directly hospitalized for Covid, NHS Confederation said. According to the National Bureau of Statistics’ weekly Covid infection survey, NHS staff absenteeism is beginning to increase again, and the emergency department is under pressure. More than 30 minutes before nearly a quarter of British ambulances can hand over patients in the first seven days of this month.

“The only biggest lesson from this pandemic is to act early, resolutely, and globally to prevent the problem from growing further,” Farrer said. A long-term solution that helps to achieve a meaningful and long-term recovery.

“This means preparing for all possible scenarios when dealing with unpredictable viruses. Not only the simple consequences of hoping that this crisis will be blown away, but the global response is me. It could be better than what we experienced. ”The blockade began on March 23, 2020, with at least 185,000 people dying from Covid on death certificates. Over 38.5 million people, or nearly 58% of the UK population, are created, tested, and delivered by scientists and pharmaceutical companies around the world.

Approximately 487 million virus tests are conducted in the UK, most of them in a network of lighthouse laboratories built after successive governments have allowed the public health laboratory system to be shut down. Part of the government’s “Living with Covid” plan.

Some of the institutions that have played an important role in advising the government on how to deal with the virus are also gone.

Sage, which was made up of some of Britain’s most prominent scholars, was left behind, but funded many research projects it relied on, including the React-1 study on the epidemic of the Imperial College London, CoMix, and more. Is finished. Isaric-4C (Coronavirus Clinical Characteristics Consortium) information network that discovered the clinical features of Covid using social contact studies and healthcare records.

Three months after being established on March 23, 2020, Oxford University-based recovery trials found that dexamethasone reduced the chances of death for the most ill patients, and since then, the other three. Established the effectiveness of two treatments.

Sir Martin Lundley, a co-principal researcher at Recovery at Oxford Population Health and a professor of medicine and epidemiology, said: -Store treatment within 10 weeks and become standard NHS policy within 3 hours. “

“We can’t afford to go back. Recovery is integrated into the routine care provided by the hospital, acting swiftly and minimizing bureaucracy,” Randley said, hoping that progress in the way research continues. There was a commitment to limit it. “

NHS staff are enthusiastic about continuing, and if policy makers invest in and maintain existing staff, they will say, “Not only about this pandemic and the next pandemic, but also about other common infectious diseases such as influenza and chronic diseases. May also usher in a new era of research. ” And structure.

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